Do you know why you may need to torque spark plugs of your truck? The spark plugs are a vital part of the ignition system for petrol engines. It plays two main functions, ignition to initiate combustion and moving away heat from the combustion chamber. Installing spark plugs is relatively easy, but only for skilled technicians. Applying the correct torque when changing spark plugs might take much work. Upon reading this guide, you can tell if it is necessary to torque spark plugs.
Why Torque Spark Plug Matters
While working on your truck, you will find yourself rushing the process. You will want to finish very fast so that you do other activities. But you can’t rush more because this can land you into problems that will drain you financially. When working on spark plugs, taking time and being cautious are essential.
You will need to be careful when tightening the spark plugs, and failure to do so can give birth to severe issues. Consider using your fingers to tighten the spark plugs before using a torque wrench. In case you have no torque wrench, tighten it according to the manufacturer’s guide. If your spark plugs are too tight or loose, you will experience several issues.
Too Loose Spark Plugs
You will notice immediately if your spark plugs need to be well-tightened. The cylinder with the loose spark plug will die. Why? The fuel-air mixture in the cylinder will receive a lower voltage necessary to initiate combustion.
You will experience pre-ignition issues, engine misfires, and weak acceleration. The worst that can happen is an engine knock. When you feel any of the above problems, check if your spark plugs are loose and tighten them.
Too Tight Spark Plugs
Tightly tightening your spark plugs can also result in various issues. When overtightening your spark plugs, remember you will need to remove them in the future. Spark plugs will stick and become hard to remove when you overtighten them, which can cause damage to the cylinder as you struggle to loosen them.
The spark plugs can also break if tightly tightened. A foreign object will find itself in the combustion chamber if they break. Such an object will knock and damage the cylinder walls and other components.
Do you Need to Torque Spark Plugs?
It is necessary to torque your spark plugs as long you do not over-tighten or loosely attach them. It is difficult to determine if you have not over-tightened your spark plugs. This is the reason why most people prefer using a torque wrench.
When installing spark plugs without a torque wrench, consider having the ½ turn measurement in your mind. After tightening the spark plugs using your hands, adding ½ turn is enough to tighten your spark plug.
You will require more torque and effort during the uninstallation of the spark plugs. This is because the spark plug wires sustain minor damages that tighten them.
Spark plugs are a delicate part of the ignition system, but you must handle them. You will have to torque spark plugs when removing or installing them. Most people prefer using a torque wrench when handling spark plugs. Remember the ½ turn rule during installation if you do not have a torque wrench.